World Travel Guides


Egypt - Introduction


Introduction to Egypt

Sitting by the Great Temple of Karnak, Luxor

In the fifth century BC Herodotus wrote of Egypt that 'nowhere are there so many marvellous things...nor in the world besides are to be seen so many things of unspeakable greatness' - and not too much has changed. The Sphinx, the Nile, ancient Luxor, the pyramids - Egypt's scope is glorious.

Full country name: Arab Republic of Egypt
Area: 1 million sq km
Population: 69.5 million
Capital City: Cairo
People: Egyptians, Berbers, Bedouin, Hamitic Arabs and Nubians
Language: Arabic
Religion: 94% Muslim, 6% Christian
Government: republic
Head of State: President Mohammed Husni Mubarak
GDP: US$247 billion
GDP per capita: US$3,600
Annual Growth: 5%
Inflation: 3%
Major Industries: Oil & gas, metals, tourism, agriculture (especially cotton) and Suez Canal revenues
Major Trading Partners: USA, EU, Middle East

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