Honduras - Getting there & away, getting around
Honduras - Getting there & away
There are international flights to and from Tegucigalpa and San Pedro Sula, with frequent and direct connections to other Central American capitals and many destinations in North America. The departure tax on international flights can be as high as US$25 but is highly subject to change.
Honduran border crossings are open daily between around 7am and 5 to 6pm. There's a token and somewhat unofficial charge for entry and exit, but it's usually so small that it's best to pay unless the amount demanded is excessive. The main crossings to Guatemala are at Agua Caliente and El Florido; to El Salvador at El Amatillo and El Poy; and to Nicaragua at El Espino, Guasaule and Las Manos. Frequent buses serve all the crossing points, but most buses do not cross the borders, so you have to walk on foot to the other side and connect with another bus.
The old 'Jungle Trail' between Puerto Cortés in Honduras and Puerto Barrios in Guatemala is now almost completed paved. In a similar vein, boats that used to ply the waters between Omoa and Livingston in Guatemala have now virtually ceased to operate.
Although there are no regular passenger ships to or from Honduras, it's often possible to arrange passage with a fishing or cargo vessel if you pay your way. Negotiate directly with the captain. On the Caribbean coast, you may find boats around Puerto Cortés, La Ceiba, Puerto Castilla, Tela or the Bay Islands. The most common destinations for boats will be Puerto Barrios (Guatemala), Belize, Puerto Cabezas (Nicaragua), the Caribbean islands and New Orleans or Miami in the US. On the Pacific coast, try San Lorenzo to find boats to Nicaragua or El Salvador.
Getting around Honduras
Domestic flights have proliferated recently. It's easy to fly to any of the Bay Islands from La Ceiba, Tegucigalpa and San Pedro Sula, and to fly among these three major cities. More air routes into the Mosquitia region are making that remote area much more accessible. There are frequent buses to most towns; the first bus usually leaves at the crack of dawn, the last late in the afternoon.
The only passenger train services are in the north between San Pedro, Puerto Cortés and Tela. Trains are slow, rudimentary and very cheap. Services have been disrupted in the past, so check whether the trains are actually running before planning to use one. Boats are common modes of transport between the Bay Islands and along the Caribbean coast, and in Mosquitia, where there's just one road.
There are plenty of taxis in most towns, but they are not metered, so negotiate a fare before you get in. Car rental is available in main towns, and the main roads offer excellent driving. However, this is not a cheap way to travel, and away from the highways the roads are unpaved and can be dusty in the dry season and slippery when wet. Hitching is generally easy in rural areas, where trucks often stop to pick up passengers.