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Macedonia - Introduction

Introduction to Macedonia

The interior of Sveti Sofija (Church of St Sophia) in Ohrid

Macedonia is medieval monasteries, timeworn Turkish bazaars, Orthodox churches and space-age shopping centres. It is also the drone of the local bagpipes, Turkish-style grilled mincemeat and Balkan cheese pies. The country is unbelievably green; its people are hospitable and welcoming.

Full country name: The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
Area: 25,333 sq km
Population: 2.06 million
Capital City: Skopje
People: Macedonian 66%, Albanian 23%, Turkish 4%, Gypsies 3%, Serb 2%
Language: Macedonian, Albanian, Turkish, Bosnian
Religion: Eastern Orthodox 67%, Muslim 30%
Government: parliamentary democracy
Head of State: President Boris Trajkovski
Head of Government: Prime Minister Branko Crvenkovski
GDP: US$10.57 billion
GDP per capita: US$5,100
Annual Growth: 4.5%
Inflation: 3%
Major Industries: Coal, metallic chromium, lead, zinc, ferronickel, textiles, wood products, tobacco, rice, tobacco, wheat, corn, millet, cotton, sesame, mulberry leaves, citrus, vegetables, beef, poultry, mutton
Major Trading Partners: Bulgaria, other former Yugoslav republics, Germany, Italy, Austria
Member of EU: no

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