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Mauritania - Introduction

Introduction to Mauritania

The tents of nomads in the desert between Nouadhibou and Nouakchott

Intrepid travellers will love Mauritania if they're excited by venturing through towns half blanketed in sand, sipping tea with nomads under their colourful tents, crossing plateaus that resemble the moon and looking at prehistoric rock drawings and ancient Saharan architecture.

Full country name: Islamic Republic of Mauritania
Area: 1.03 million sq km
Population: 2.5 million
Capital City: Nouakchott (pop 600,000)
People: Black Moors 40%, Moors 30%, Black Africans (Soninké, Pulaar, Peuls, Wolof) 30%
Language: Arabic, French, Wolof
Religion: Islam
Government: republic
Head of State: President Maaouya Ould Sid' Ahmed Taya
Head of Government: Prime Minister TayaSghair Ould M'Bareck
GDP: US$2.2 billion
GDP per capita: US$1,050
Annual Growth: 3.3%
Inflation: 4.7%
Major Industries: Iron ore, fish
Major Trading Partners: Japan, Italy, Algeria, China

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