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Nicaragua - Introduction


Introduction to Nicaragua

Picking cotton, León

Nicaragua is best known not for its landscape or cultural treasures, but for Contra war, in which the people rose up in hope only to be derailed by US-orchestrated interference. Since then, widespread privatization and deregulation have left much of the country unemployed or in a state of shock.

Full country name: Republic of Nicaragua
Area: 129,494 sq km
Population: 5.2 million
People: 69% mestizo, 17% European descent, 9% African descent, 5% indigenous peoples
Language: English, Spanish; Castilian
Religion: Roman Catholic 73%, Protestant 16%
Government: republic
Head of State: President Enrique Bolaños
GDP: US$2.2 billion
GDP per capita: US$452
Inflation: 11%
Major Industries: Coffee, seafood, sugar, meat, bananas, food processing, chemicals, metal products, textiles, clothing, petroleum refining and distribution, beverages, footwear.
Major Trading Partners: Canada, Japan, Germany, Venezuela, USA, the rest of Central America

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