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Portugal - Introduction

Introduction to Portugal

Calm, cloistered courtyard

Portugal has a rich seafaring past, superb beach resorts, wistful towns, and a landscape wreathed in olive groves, vineyards and wheat fields. Littered with Unesco World Heritage sites and graced by one of Europe's most relaxed and attractive capitals, it also remains refreshingly affordable.

Full country name: Portugal
Area: 92,391 sq km
Population: 10.1 million
Capital City: Lisbon (pop 535,740)
People: 99% Portuguese, 1% African
Language: Portuguese
Religion: 97% Roman Catholic, 2% Protestant, 1% other
Government: parliamentary democracy
Head of State: President Jorge Fernando Branco de Sampaio
Head of Government: Prime Minister José Manuel Durão Barroso
GDP: US$195.2 billion
GDP per capita: US$19,400
Annual Growth: 3.3%
Inflation: 4%
Major Industries: Textiles, footwear, wood products, metalworking, oil refining, chemicals, fish canning, wine, tourism and agriculture
Major Trading Partners: EU (esp. Spain, Germany, France, Italy, the Netherlands & the UK), US
Member of EU: yes

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