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Tanzania - Introduction


Introduction to Tanzania

Something fishy at the market

Step out into the vast open plains of Tanzania and you suddenly feel very, very small. And so you should. You've just joined one of the largest, wildest animal populations in the world. Wildebeest, monkey, antelope, lion, cheetah, crocodile, gazelle, flamingo - they're all out there.

Full country name: United Republic of Tanzania
Area: 945,090 sq km
Population: 35.92 million
Capital City: Dodoma (official); Dar es Salam (administrative)
People: 99% native African (over 100 tribes), 1% Asian, European and Arabic
Language: Swahili, English
Religion: 40% Christian, 40% Muslim, 20% indigenous beliefs
Government: republic (multiparty state)
Head of State: President Benjamin William Mkapa
GDP: US$7 billion
GDP per capita: US$220
Inflation: 40%
Major Industries: Tobacco, sugar, sisal, diamond and gold mining, oil refining, cement, tourism
Major Trading Partners: India, Germany, Japan, Malaysia, Rwanda, the Netherlands, South Africa, Kenya, U.K., Saudi Arabia, China

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